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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2012 Oct 26;427(3):600-5. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2012.09.104. Epub 2012 Sep 27.

Activation of transmembrane bile acid receptor TGR5 stimulates insulin secretion in pancreatic β cells.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, VA, USA.

Abstract

Bile acids act as signaling molecules and stimulate the G protein coupled receptor, TGR5, in addition to nuclear farnesoid X receptor to regulate lipid, glucose and energy metabolism. Bile acid induced activation of TGR5 in the enteroendocrine cells promotes glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) release, which has insulinotropic effect in the pancreatic β cells. In the present study, we have identified the expression of TGR5 in pancreatic β cell line MIN6 and also in mouse and human pancreatic islets. TGR5 selective ligands, oleanolic acid (OA) and INT-777 selectively activated Gα(s) and caused an increase in intracellular cAMP and Ca(2+). OA and INT-777 also increased phosphoinositide (PI) hydrolysis and the increase was blocked by NF449 (a selective Gα(s) inhibitor) or U73122 (PI hydrolysis inhibitor). OA, INT-777 and lithocholic acid increased insulin release in MIN6 and human islets and the increase was inhibited by treatment with NF449, U73122 or BAPTA-AM (chelator of calcium), but not with myristoylated PKI (PKA inhibitor), suggesting that the release is dependent on G(s)/cAMP/Ca(2+) pathway. 8-pCPT-2'-O-Me-cAMP, a cAMP analog, which activates Epac, but not PKA also stimulated PI hydrolysis. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that the TGR5 expressed in the pancreatic β cells regulates insulin secretion and highlights the importance of ongoing therapeutic strategies targeting TGR5 in the control of glucose homeostasis.

PMID:
23022524
PMCID:
PMC3498511
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2012.09.104
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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