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Vaccine. 2012 Nov 26;30(50):7292-9. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2012.09.036. Epub 2012 Sep 26.

A simple approach for enhanced immune response using engineered dendritic cell targeted nanoparticles.

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University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G 2N8.


In this study, we demonstrate a simple strategy for enhanced immune response using a two-component dendritic cell (DC) targeted antigen delivery system. One component consists of a recombinant bifunctional fusion protein (bfFp) used for DC targeting, whereas, the other component is made of biotinylated PLGA nanoparticles that encapsulate the antigen. The fusion protein (bfFp) made of a truncated core-streptavidin fused to anti-DEC-205 single chain antibody (scFv) was mixed with ovalbumin-loaded biotinylated NPs that were formulated using biotin-PEG (2000)-PLGA, and the combination, bfFp functionalized NPs was used for DC targeted antigen delivery. In vitro DC uptake studies revealed a 2-fold higher receptor-mediated uptake of bfFp functionalized NPs when compared to non-targeted NPs. Immunization of the mice with the bfFp functionalized NPs in conjunction with DC maturation stimulus (anti-CD40 mAb) enhanced OVA-specific IgG and IgG subclass responses. Splenocytes of these mice secreted significantly higher levels of Th1 (IFN-γ and IL-2) cytokines upon ex vivo restimulation with OVA. The promising outcomes of the bfFp functionalized DC targeted system support its use as a versatile vaccine delivery system for the design of monovalent or polyvalent vaccines.

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