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Am J Ophthalmol. 2013 Feb;155(2):305-313.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2012.07.018. Epub 2012 Sep 27.

Relationship between clinical characteristics of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy and choroidal vascular hyperpermeability.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan. hidekoiz@koto.kpu-m.ac.jp

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate the relationship between the clinical characteristics of polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) and choroidal vascular hyperpermeability seen on indocyanine green angiography.

DESIGN:

Retrospective, consecutive, interventional case series.

METHODS:

We reviewed the medical records and the angiograms of 89 patients with PCV. The relationship between choroidal vascular hyperpermeability and background factors, associated clinical manifestations, and treatment responses to intravitreal injections of ranibizumab were evaluated.

RESULTS:

Of the 89 patients with PCV, 31 patients (34.8%) demonstrated choroidal vascular hyperpermeability. The patients with choroidal vascular hyperpermeability more frequently showed bilateral neovascular membrane than those without choroidal vascular hyperpermeability (P=.009) and had a significant relationship with a history of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) (P=.01). Of the 98 eyes with treatment-naïve PCV, 34 eyes with choroidal vascular hyperpermeability demonstrated significantly greater subfoveal thickness than the 64 eyes without choroidal vascular hyperpermeability (P < .001). However, no significant relationship was found between choroidal vascular hyperpermeability and the other biomicroscopic and angiographic phenotypes of PCV. Three monthly intravitreal injections of ranibizumab were performed on 57 patients with treatment-naïve PCV, and the presence of choroidal vascular hyperpermeability was significantly related to the persistent retinal fluid 1 month after the third ranibizumab injection (P=.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

The patients with PCV associated with choroidal vascular hyperpermeability more frequently demonstrated bilateral neovascular membrane, a history of CSC, a thickened choroid, and poor responses to intravitreal injections of ranibizumab than those without choroidal vascular hyperpermeability.

PMID:
23022162
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajo.2012.07.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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