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Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2013 Feb;23(1):e21-31. doi: 10.1111/sms.12005. Epub 2012 Oct 1.

Influence of nitrate supplementation on VO₂ kinetics and endurance of elite cyclists.

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Copenhagen Muscle Research Centre, Department of Exercise and Sport Sciences, Section of Human Physiology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.


The present study examined if an elevated nitrate intake would improve VO(2) kinetics, endurance, and repeated sprint capacity in elite endurance athletes. Ten highly trained cyclists (72 ± 4 mL O(2) /kg/min, mean ± standard deviation) underwent testing for VO(2) kinetics (3 × 6 min at 298 ± 28 W), endurance (120 min preload followed by a 400-kcal time trial), and repeated sprint capacity (6 × 20 s sprints, recovery 100 s) during two 6-day periods in randomized order with a daily ingestion of either 0.5 L beetroot (BR) juice to increase nitrate levels or a 0.5 L placebo (PLA) drink with blackcurrant juice. Plasma NOx (nitrate + nitrite) levels were higher (P < 0.01) in BR (147 ± 102 and 159 ± 103 μM after 4 and 6 days of beverage intake, respectively) compared with PLA (41 ± 10 and 40 ± 7 μM). VO(2) kinetics and exercise economy were the same in BR and PLA. Time-trial performance was similar with an average completion time of 18:20 and 18:37 min:s in BR and PLA, respectively, with average power outputs of 290 ± 43 W in BR and 285 ± 44 W in PLA. Peak and mean power during repeated sprinting were similar in BR and PLA. In contrast to observations in moderately trained subjects intake of BR juice had no effect on VO(2) kinetics and performance in elite cyclists.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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