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Sci Rep. 2012;2:695. Epub 2012 Sep 26.

GTP binding and intramolecular regulation by the ROC domain of Death Associated Protein Kinase 1.

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1
Department of Molecular Neuroscience, UCL Institute of Neurology, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

The ROCO proteins are a family of large, multidomain proteins characterised by the presence of a Ras of complex proteins (ROC) domain followed by a COR, or C-terminal of ROC, domain. It has previously been shown that the ROC domain of the human ROCO protein Leucine Rich Repeat Kinase 2 (LRRK2) controls its kinase activity. Here, the ability of the ROC domain of another human ROCO protein, Death Associated Protein Kinase 1 (DAPK1), to bind GTP and control its kinase activity has been evaluated. In contrast to LRRK2, loss of GTP binding by DAPK1 does not result in loss of kinase activity, instead acting to modulate this activity. These data highlight the ROC domain of DAPK1 as a target for modifiers of this proteins function, and casts light on the role of ROC domains as intramolecular regulators in complex proteins with implications for a broad range of human diseases.

PMID:
23019516
PMCID:
PMC3458246
DOI:
10.1038/srep00695
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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