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J Bacteriol. 1979 Dec;140(3):893-901.

Cytochrome c3 from the sulfate-reducing anaerobe Desulfovibrio africanus Benghazi: purification and properties.


Cytochrome c3 was purified from Desulfovibrio africanus Benghazi by extraction with alkaline deoxyribonuclease, fractionation with ammonium sulfate, batch elution from carboxymethyl Sephadex followed by chromatography on the same resin, and gel filtration on Sephadex G-75. The preparation was judge homogeneous by a variety of criteria. The molecular weight was determined in an analytical ultracentrifuge, and values between 14,400 and 15,490 were obtained, depending upon the presumed value of partial specific volume. Gel filtration on a calibrated column of Sephadex G-75 gave a value of 14,900 daltons. The amino acid composition was very similar to that observed for the cytochrome from other species of Desulfovibrio, with the exception of increased levels of ThR and PhE. S-Carboxymethylation of the protein before and after heme removal by HgCl2 demonstrated eight Cys molecules involved in heme binding or four heme sites per molecule. Titration with sodium dithionite under N2 gave an electrochemical potential (E' 0) of -276 mV relative to the normal hydrogen electrode. Electrochemical titration of the cytochrome gave a Nernst plot with two linear regions with E' 0 values of -0.376 and -0.534 V. The spectra produced at various potentials exhibited shifts in isosbestic points upon reduction, suggesting changes in conformation during the reaction.

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