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Gynecol Oncol. 2012 Dec;127(3):489-94. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2012.09.010. Epub 2012 Sep 24.

Interaction of epithelial biomarkers, local immune response and condom use in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2-3 regression.

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Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Stavanger University Hospital, Stavanger, Norway.



Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grades 2-3 (CIN2-3) are usually treated by cone excision, although only 30% progress to cancer and 6-50% regress spontaneously. Biomarkers predicting CIN2-3 regression would be of great clinical value and could reduce unnecessary cone excision and associated complications. The aim of this study was to investigate whether punch-biopsy derived immunohistochemical biomarkers, local immune response, CIN lesion size and condom use are independently correlated to regression of CIN2-3.


A prospective population-based cohort study of 162 women aged 25-40, with first-time onset diagnosis of CIN2-3 in colposcopy-directed biopsies was carried out. The median biopsy-cone interval was 16 weeks. Regression was defined as CIN1 or less in the cone biopsy.


The regression rate was 21% (34/162). pRb>30% in the lower epithelial half was the strongest predictor for regression (30% regression, p<0.0001). If additionally a CIN-lesion was smaller than 2.5mm and CD4+ lymphoid cells in the subepithelial stroma ≤ 195 per 1.04 mm basal membrane, the regression rate was 53%. In CIN-lesions>2.5mm and CD4+-stroma ≤195, consistent condom use increased the regression rate from 13% to 67% (p=0.003). If pRb was ≤30%, the regression rate was low (6%).


Biomarkers and CIN lesion length can predict CIN2-3 regression, and might be helpful to identify patients who can increase the regression rate of CIN lesions by consistent condom use.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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