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AIDS Educ Prev. 2012 Oct;24(5):422-30.

Sources of personal income and HIV risk among sexually active women.

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Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.


We examined the relationship between sources of income and sex behaviors among a sample of low-income, sexually active women in Baltimore, MD (n = 517). Data were collected through interviews administered by a trained interviewer and audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (ACASI). The study assessed four categories of income: government payments, money from other people, selling items, and irregular jobs (i.e., odds jobs). Having multiple sex partners was associated with receiving income from other people [AOR: 2.60, 95% CI: 1.66-4.09], selling items [AOR: 2.67, 95% CI: 1.64-4.36], and irregular jobs [AOR: 1.57, 95% CI: 1.08, 2.29]. Women who exchanged sex were more likely to acquire income through these sources but less likely to receive government assistance [AOR: 0.62, 95% CI: 0.39-0.97]. Sexual behaviors are associated with multiple sources of personal income. HIV prevention interventions should address the role that economic factors play in risk behaviors.

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