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Sports Health. 2009 Nov;1(6):522-30.

Data-based interval hitting program for female college volleyball players.

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Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.



Interval sports programs are a critical rehabilitation element when preparing the injured athlete for a return to preinjury activities. There is currently no published interval hitting program to guide a return to unrestricted play for the volleyball athlete. Therefore, data-based, position-specific overhead hitting programs that control for intensity, time, and number of ball strikes were developed for female college volleyball players.


Records from a single Division I varsity women's volleyball team were examined for all matches during 7 consecutive years of team play. Data were collected for number of hitting and service attempts per game for each position and the number of games per match.


Per game, middle hitters averaged 4.51 attacks and 2.77 service attempts; right-side hitters, 3.58 attacks and 1.26 service attempts; outside hitters, 6.37 attacks and 3.44 service attempts; and setters and defensive specialists, 0.17 attacks and 1.78 service attempts.


The interval hitting program can provide rehabilitation specialists with a data-based approach that may facilitate a return to play and minimize the risk of reinjury for volleyball athletes.


rehabilitation; return to play; shoulder joint

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