Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Dec;97(12):4761-8. doi: 10.1210/jc.2012-2642. Epub 2012 Sep 26.

Patients with an HbA1c in the prediabetic and diabetic range have higher numbers of circulating cells with osteogenic and endothelial progenitor cell markers.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Vascular calcification, an important feature of diabetic vasculopathy, is an active process potentially mediated by endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) coexpressing the osteoblastic marker osteocalcin (OCN).

OBJECTIVE:

In this study we tested the hypothesis that cells expressing these markers are associated with the presence of elevated glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c).

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS:

This was a cross-sectional comparison. Patients (n = 133, aged 57.4 ± 15.7 yr) were divided into two groups according to the presence of an HbA1c in a (pre-)diabetic (>5.6) or normal range at the time of blood sampling.

METHODS:

Using flow cytometry of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNCs), cells positive for OCN, the EPC markers (CD34/KDR and CD133(+)/CD34(-)/KDR(+)) and OCN(+) EPCs were counted.

RESULTS:

Patients with elevated HbA1c compared with those with normal HbA1c had a significantly higher percentage of circulating OCN(+) MNCs [4.6 (interquartile range 2.68-7.81%) vs. 3.12 (0.99-7.81%), P = 0.035], higher numbers of OCN(+)/CD133(+)/CD34(-)/KDR(+) cells [20 (9-74) vs. 8 (0-19) counts per 100,000 gated events, P < 0.001] and a higher fraction of CD133(+)/CD34(-)/KDR(+) and CD34/KDR cells coexpressing OCN (23.7 ± 24.3 vs. 40.5 ± 34.6%, P = 0.002 and 37.1 ± 39.5 vs. 59.7 ± 37.7%, P = 0.002, respectively). The association between circulating OCN(+)/CD133(+)/CD34(-)/KDR(+) cells and an HbA1c in the (pre-) diabetic range remained strong, even after adjusting for differences in obesity and cardiovascular risk factors, disease, and medications in a multivariate model [odds ratio 1.72 (1.21-2.61), P =0.002].

CONCLUSION:

This study demonstrated that patients with HbA1c in the (pre-)diabetic range have a significant increase in OCN(+) MNCs, and OCN(+)/CD133(+)/CD34(-)/KDR(+) cells, in particular. Whether these cells increase vascular calcification in (pre-)diabetes warrants further studies.

PMID:
23015657
PMCID:
PMC3513527
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2012-2642
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center