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J Sports Sci. 2013;31(2):181-7. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2012.723133. Epub 2012 Sep 26.

No association between COL3A1, COL6A1 or COL12A1 gene variants and range of motion.

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MRC/UCT Research Unit for Exercise Science & Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, Human Biology, Cape Town, South Africa.


Approximately 64-70% of the variability in joint range of motion (ROM) is heritable. A common variant within a type V collagen (COL5A1) gene is associated with joint range of motion. Like type V collagen, types III, VI and XII collagen are also involved in fibril assembly and/or diameter regulation. Mutations within the genes that encode these proteins, COL3A1, COL6A1 and COL12A1, also cause connective tissue hypermobility disorders and phenotypes. The aim of this study was to determine if variants within these genes are associated with measures of joint range of motion. Three hundred and fifty apparently healthy and physically active Caucasian participants were recruited. Anthropometric measurements were taken. Sit-and-reach (SR), straight leg raise (SLR) and total shoulder rotation (ShTR) range of motion were measured. All participants were genotyped for COL3A1 rs1800255, COL6A1 rs35796750 and COL12A1 rs970547. COL3A1 rs1800255, COL6A1 rs35796750 and COL12A1 rs970547 were not significantly associated with sit-and-reach, straight leg raise or total shoulder rotation range of motion. Furthermore, no significant age-genotype interaction effects were identified between the variants and range of motion measurements. None of the variants investigated in this study were significantly associated with any of the measures of range of motion used. Further studies are required to identify additional intrinsic and extrinsic factors that may determine range of motion, including the genetic component.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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