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Cytoskeleton (Hoboken). 2012 Nov;69(11):893-912. doi: 10.1002/cm.21067. Epub 2012 Sep 25.

Phosphoinositides and cytokinesis: the "PIP" of the iceberg.

Author information

1
Membrane Traffic and Cell Division Lab, Institut Pasteur, 28 rue du Dr Roux 75015 Paris, France; CNRS URA2582, Paris, France. arnaud.echard@pasteur.fr

Abstract

Phosphoinositides [Phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns), phosphatidylinositol 3-monophosphate (PtdIns3P), phosphatidylinositol 4-monophosphate (PtdIns4P), phosphatidylinositol 5-monophosphate (PtdIns5P), phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4)P(2) ), phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(3,5)P(2) ), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P(2) ), and phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) )] are lowly abundant acidic lipids found at the cytosolic leaflet of the plasma membrane and intracellular membranes. Initially discovered as precursors of second messengers in signal transduction, phosphoinositides are now known to directly or indirectly control key cellular functions, such as cell polarity, cell migration, cell survival, cytoskeletal dynamics, and vesicular traffic. Phosphoinositides actually play a central role at the interface between membranes and cytoskeletons and contribute to the identity of the cellular compartments by recruiting specific proteins. Increasing evidence indicates that several phosphoinositides, particularly PtdIns(4,5)P(2) , are essential for cytokinesis, notably after furrow ingression. The present knowledge about the specific phosphoinositides and phosphoinositide modifying-enzymes involved in cytokinesis will be first presented. The review of the current data will then show that furrow stability and cytokinesis abscission require that both phosphoinositide production and hydrolysis are regulated in space and time. Finally, I will further discuss recent mechanistic insights on how phosphoinositides regulate membrane trafficking and cytoskeletal remodeling for successful furrow ingression and intercellular bridge abscission. This will highlight unanticipated connections between cytokinesis and enzymes implicated in human diseases, such as the Lowe syndrome.

PMID:
23012232
DOI:
10.1002/cm.21067
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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