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Int J Behav Med. 2013 Sep;20(3):413-24. doi: 10.1007/s12529-012-9250-5.

Effect of a telephone-delivered coronary heart disease secondary prevention program (proactive heart) on quality of life and health behaviours: primary outcomes of a randomised controlled trial.

Author information

1
Viertel Centre for Research in Cancer Control, Cancer Council Queensland, P.O. Box 201, Spring Hill, Brisbane, QLD 4004, Australia, Anna.Hawkes@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Participation in coronary heart disease secondary prevention programs is low. Innovative programs to meet this treatment gap are required.

PURPOSE:

To aim of this study is to describe the effectiveness of a telephone-delivered secondary prevention program for myocardial infarction patients.

METHODS:

Four hundred and thirty adult myocardial infarction patients in Brisbane, Australia were randomised to a 6-month secondary prevention program or usual care. Primary outcomes were health-related quality of life (Short Form-36) and physical activity (Active Australia Survey).

RESULTS:

Significant intervention effects were observed for health-related quality of life on the mental component summary score (p = 0.02), and the social functioning (p = 0.04) and role-emotional (p = 0.03) subscales, compared with usual care. Intervention participants were also more likely to meet recommended levels of physical activity (p = 0.02), body mass index (p = 0.05), vegetable intake (p = 0.04) and alcohol consumption (p = 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Telephone-delivered secondary prevention programs can significantly improve health outcomes and could meet the treatment gap for myocardial infarction patients.

PMID:
23012159
DOI:
10.1007/s12529-012-9250-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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