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Arq Gastroenterol. 2012 Jul-Sep;49(3):214-8.

Salivary parameters and teeth erosions in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Author information

1
General Surgery Bases, Department of Surgery and Orthopedy, Botucatu School of Medicine, State University of São Paulo, Brazil. mcarolcorrea@hotmail.com

Abstract

CONTEXT:

In the gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a highly prevalent digestive disorder, gastric content may return to the esophagus and reach the mouth, thus leading to a small number of carious lesions and high incidence of dental erosion. Since saliva plays a major role in oral homeostasis, evaluating salivary parameters is necessary in attempting to explain such outcome.

OBJECTIVES:

This study aimed at analyzing salivary parameters (salivary flow, pH and buffering capacity), bacterial count, caries index and dental erosion in patients with GERD.

MATERIALS:

Sixty patients were studied, and of these, 30 had GERD (group 1), and 30 were controls (group 2). Gastroesophageal reflux disease diagnosis confirmation was achieved by means of endoscopy, manometry and pH metric esophageal monitoring. The above mentioned salivary parameters were evaluated in patients from groups 1 and 2.

RESULTS:

The number of erosions in patients with GERD (group 1) was larger than in controls (P<0.001). The number of carious teeth was smaller in group 1 than in group 2 (P<0.001). Salivary flow (non-stimulated and stimulated) and pH did not show differences between the 2 groups (P = 0.49; P = 0.80 and P = 0.85, respectively). Salivary buffering capacity in patients with GERD showed lower values in controls (P = 0.018). The number of bacteria (Lactobacilli and Streptococci) was smaller in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease than in controls (P = 0.0067 and P = 0.0017, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

It was concluded that the large number of erosions must be a result of GERD patients reduced salivary buffering capacity. The reduced number of caries of patients in group 1 can be explained by the low prevalence of bacteria (Lactobacilli and Streptococci), observed in the saliva of patients with chronic reflux.

PMID:
23011245
DOI:
10.1590/s0004-28032012000300009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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