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J Food Sci. 2012 Oct;77(10):C1055-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2012.02854.x. Epub 2012 Sep 25.

Stereospecific positional distribution of fatty acids of Camellia (Camellia japonica L.) seed oil.

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1
Korea Food Research Institute, Bundang-Gu, Kyunggi-Do, Korea.

Abstract

The stereospecific positional distribution of fatty acids of camellia seed oil (also called camellia oil) was determined. The camellia oil was mainly composed of neutral lipids (88.2%), and the oleic acid (86.3%) was found to be a major fatty acid of neutral lipids. In the glycolipids and phospholipids, the oleic acid was also found to be a major fatty acid at 62.5% and 54.2%, respectively. The oleic acid was distributed abundantly in all sn-1, 2, and 3 positions. It was found that the oleic acid was present more at sn-2 (93.6%) and 3 positions (94.7%), than at sn-1 position (66.0%). Practical Application:  The information of stereospecific positional distribution of fatty acids in the camellia oil can be used for the development of the structured lipids for food, pharmaceutical, and medical purposes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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