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Pediatr Res. 2012 Dec;72(6):583-92. doi: 10.1038/pr.2012.126. Epub 2012 Sep 24.

Genetic variations in hypoxia response genes influence hypertrophic cardiomyopathy phenotype.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Risk factors for diastolic dysfunction in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are poorly understood. We investigated the association of variants in hypoxia-response genes with phenotype severity in pediatric HCM.

METHODS:

A total of 80 unrelated patients <21 y and 14 related members from eight families with HCM were genotyped for six variants associated with vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) downregulation, or hypoxia-inducible factor A (HIF1A) upregulation. Associations between risk genotypes and left-ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, LV dysfunction, and freedom from myectomy were assessed. Tissue expression was measured in myocardial samples from 17 patients with HCM and 20 patients without HCM.

RESULTS:

Age at enrollment was 9 ± 5 y (follow-up, 3.1 ± 3.6 y). Risk allele frequency was 67% VEGFA and 92% HIF1A. Risk genotypes were associated with younger age at diagnosis (P < 0.001), septal hypertrophy (P < 0.01), prolonged E-wave deceleration time (EWDT) (P < 0.0001) and isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) (P < 0.0001), and lower freedom from myectomy (P < 0.05). These associations were seen in sporadic and familial HCM independent of the disease-causing mutation. Risk genotypes were associated with higher myocardial HIF1A and transforming growth factor B1 (TGFB1) expression and increased endothelial-fibroblast transformation (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

HIF1A-upregulation and/or VEGFA-downregulation genotypes were associated with more severe septal hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction and may provide genetic markers to improve risk prediction in HCM.

PMID:
23007030
DOI:
10.1038/pr.2012.126
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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