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Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2012 Nov;16(11):1551-7. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.12.0152. Epub 2012 Sep 18.

Ethnicity and waterpipe smoking among US students.

Author information

1
Institute of Community Health, College of Pharmacy, University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77030, USA. smabughosh@uh.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To examine the effect of ethnicity on waterpipe smoking among college students.

DESIGN:

A cross-sectional study utilized data from University of Houston students through an online survey (n = 2334) from March to April 2011. The survey included questions on demographic characteristics (sex, age, race/ethnicity), tobacco use experience, risk perception, social acceptability and popularity. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine predictors of waterpipe use with three outcomes: ever-use vs. no use, past-year use vs. no use and past-month use vs. no use.

RESULTS:

Half of the sample had previously smoked tobacco using a waterpipe, approximately a third in the past year and 12.5% in the past month. Significant predictors included Middle Eastern ethnicity, Middle Eastern friend, past cigarette or cigar use. Perception of harm was associated with less use in the ever-use model, while perceived addictiveness, social acceptability and popularity of waterpipes were predictors in all models.

CONCLUSION:

Our findings underscore the importance of developing culturally appropriate interventions to control waterpipe smoking among Middle Eastern Americans and those of Indian/Pakistani descent to curb further spread in US society, and highlight the importance of developing interventions that target the perceived addictiveness, social acceptability and popularity of waterpipe smoking.

PMID:
23006908
DOI:
10.5588/ijtld.12.0152
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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