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J Med Chem. 2012 Oct 25;55(20):8603-14. doi: 10.1021/jm300801u. Epub 2012 Oct 12.

Design, synthesis, and structure-activity relationships of highly potent 5-HT₃ receptor ligands.

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Leiden/Amsterdam Center of Drug Research-LACDR, Amsterdam Institute for Molecules Medicines and Systems-AIMMS, Division of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


The 5-HT₃ receptor, a pentameric ligand-gated ion channel (pLGIC), is an important therapeutic target. During a recent fragment screen, 6-chloro-N-methyl-2-(4-methyl-1,4-diazepan-1-yl)quinazolin-4-amine (1) was identified as a 5-HT₃ hit fragment. Here we describe the synthesis and structure-activity relationships (SAR) of a series of (iso)quinoline and quinazoline compounds that were synthesized and screened for 5-HT₃ R affinity using a [³H]granisetron displacement assay. These studies resulted in the discovery of several high affinity ligands of which compound 22 showed the highest affinity (pK(i) > 10) for the 5-HT₃ receptor. The observed SAR is in agreement with established pharmacophore models for 5-HT₃ ligands and is used for ligand-receptor binding mode prediction using homology modeling and in silico docking approaches.

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