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Phys Rev Lett. 2012 Sep 7;109(10):100503. Epub 2012 Sep 6.

Experimental implementation of encoded logical qubit operations in a perfect quantum error correcting code.

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Fakult├Ąt Physik, Technische Universit├Ąt Dortmund, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany.


Large-scale universal quantum computing requires the implementation of quantum error correction (QEC). While the implementation of QEC has already been demonstrated for quantum memories, reliable quantum computing requires also the application of nontrivial logical gate operations to the encoded qubits. Here, we present examples of such operations by implementing, in addition to the identity operation, the NOT and the Hadamard gate to a logical qubit encoded in a five qubit system that allows correction of arbitrary single-qubit errors. We perform quantum process tomography of the encoded gate operations, demonstrate the successful correction of all possible single-qubit errors, and measure the fidelity of the encoded logical gate operations.

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