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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2012 May;85(5 Pt 2):056607. Epub 2012 May 22.

Explicit solutions from eigenfunction symmetry of the Korteweg-de Vries equation.

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Shanghai Key Laboratory of Trustworthy Computing, East China Normal University, China.


In nonlinear science, it is very difficult to find exact interaction solutions among solitons and other kinds of complicated waves such as cnoidal waves and Painlevé waves. Actually, even if for the most well-known prototypical models such as the Kortewet-de Vries (KdV) equation and the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) equation, this kind of problem has not yet been solved. In this paper, the explicit analytic interaction solutions between solitary waves and cnoidal waves are obtained through the localization procedure of nonlocal symmetries which are related to Darboux transformation for the well-known KdV equation. The same approach also yields some other types of interaction solutions among different types of solutions such as solitary waves, rational solutions, Bessel function solutions, and/or general Painlevé II solutions.


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