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Phys Rev Lett. 2012 Jun 8;108(23):233001. Epub 2012 Jun 8.

Metallodielectric hybrid antennas for ultrastrong enhancement of spontaneous emission.

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1
Max Planck Institute for the Science of Light, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany.

Abstract

We devise new optical antennas that reduce the excited-state radiative lifetimes of emitters to the order of 100 fs while maintaining quantum efficiencies of about 80% at a broadband operation. Here, we combine metallic nanoparticles with planar dielectric structures and exploit design strategies from plasmonic nanoantennas and concepts from cavity quantum electrodynamics to maximize the local density of states and minimize the nonradiative losses incurred by the metallic constituents. The proposed metallodielectric hybrid antennas promise an important impact on various fundamental and applied research fields, including photophysics, ultrafast plasmonics, bright single-photon sources, and Raman spectroscopy.

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