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J Am Coll Health. 2012;60(7):505-11.

Changes in smoking prevalence, attitudes, and beliefs over 4 years following a campus-wide anti-tobacco intervention.

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1
Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA. william.lechner@okstate.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The current study examined the effectiveness of an institutional intervention aimed at decreasing prevalence of tobacco use and exposure to smoke on campus over a 4-year period.

PARTICIPANTS:

Participants were undergraduate students (N = 4,947) enrolled at a large Midwestern university between 2007 and 2010.

METHODS:

In 2008, tobacco use was banned on campus. Additionally, campus-wide tobacco cessation services and information were provided to all students. A self-report measure assessing demographics, smoking prevalence, attitudes, and smoke exposure was administered at baseline and at 3 time points over the following 3 years.

RESULTS:

The percentage of more frequent smokers and less frequent smokers decreased across assessment points. The program appeared to be less effective for female smokers than male smokers. Further, a significant change in attitudes and secondhand smoke exposure was observed.

CONCLUSIONS:

It appears that a campus-wide tobacco ban is a well-accepted and effective prevention method for smoking. This study lends considerable support for efforts towards smoke-free campuses.

PMID:
23002798
DOI:
10.1080/07448481.2012.681816
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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