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Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2012 Jul;33(7):2394-402.

[Mechanism of NH(4+)-N removal in drinking water biofilter].

[Article in Chinese]

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School of Urban and Environmental Science, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang 464000, China. Institute of Urban.


In order to explore the mechanism of NH(4+)-N removal in drinking water biofilter, water quality parameters, such as NH(4+)-N, NO(2-)-N, NO(3-)-N, total phosphorus, permanganate index, nitrogen gas, temperature and dissolved oxygen etc, were determined in the inflow and outflow of biofilter. Samples of granular activated carbon (GAC) at different height (0, 10, 20, 40, 60 cm) of the biofiter media were collected and analyzed for the bacterial community with molecular biology techniques. The bacterial diversity in the activated carbon biofilm sample was studied based on the phylogenetic analysis of sequences. The results showed that there were three stages according to the NH(4+)-N concentration in the influent. The "nitrogen loss" phenomenon (total inorganic nitrogen in the effluent was less than that in the influent) occurred at the first, second and third stages and the amount of nitrogen loss were 0.94, 0.32 and 0.15 mg x L(-1), respectively. The amount of nitrogen loss had a good positive correlation with the NH(4+)-N concentration in the influent, but not a linear relationship with the concentration of the permanganate index in the influent. The average concentrations of N2 increased gradually with the height of media in the biofilter, with values of 14.04 and 14.67 mg x L(-1) in the influent and the effluent, respectively. Based on the sequencing results, the ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) in the activated carbon biofilm were classified into three common genera: Nitrosococcus, Nitrosomonas and Nitrosospira. When the NH(4+)-N concentration in the influent was relatively high, the "nitrogen loss" phenomenon in biofilter was caused by the AOB.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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