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Structure. 2012 Nov 7;20(11):1893-904. doi: 10.1016/j.str.2012.08.021. Epub 2012 Sep 20.

Proton-coupled dynamics in lactose permease.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Biophysics and Center for Biomembrane Systems, University of California at Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697-4560, USA.

Abstract

Lactose permease of Escherichia coli (LacY) catalyzes symport of a galactopyranoside and an H⁺ via an alternating access mechanism. The transition from an inward- to an outward-facing conformation of LacY involves sugar-release followed by deprotonation. Because the transition depends intimately upon the dynamics of LacY in a bilayer environment, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations may be the only means of following the accompanying structural changes in atomic detail. Here, we describe MD simulations of wild-type apo LacY in phosphatidylethanolamine (POPE) lipids that features two protonation states of the critical Glu325. While the protonated system displays configurational stability, deprotonation of Glu325 causes significant structural rearrangements that bring into proximity side chains important for H⁺ translocation and sugar binding and closes the internal cavity. Moreover, protonated LacY in phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) lipids shows that the observed dynamics are lipid-dependent. Together, the simulations describe early dynamics of the inward-to-outward transition of LacY that agree well with experimental data.

PMID:
23000385
PMCID:
PMC3496080
DOI:
10.1016/j.str.2012.08.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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