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Fertil Steril. 2013 Jan;99(1):76-85. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.08.035. Epub 2012 Sep 21.

Phospholipase Cζ rescues failed oocyte activation in a prototype of male factor infertility.

Author information

1
Cardiff University School of Medicine, Heath Park, Cardiff, United Kingdom. mixosn@yahoo.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the effect of infertility-linked sperm phospholipase Cζ (PLCζ) mutations on their ability to trigger oocyte Ca(2+) oscillations and development, and also to evaluate the potential therapeutic utility of wild-type, recombinant PLCζ protein for rescuing failed oocyte activation and embryo development.

DESIGN:

Test of a novel therapeutic approach to male factor infertility.

SETTING:

University medical school research laboratory.

PATIENT(S):

Donated unfertilized human oocytes from follicle reduction.

INTERVENTION(S):

Microinjection of oocytes with recombinant human PLCζ protein or PLCζ cRNA and a Ca(2+)-sensitive fluorescent dye.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Measurement of the efficacy of mutant and wild-type PLCζ-mediated enzyme activity, oocyte Ca(2+) oscillations, activation, and early embryo development.

RESULT(S):

In contrast to the wild-type protein, mutant forms of human sperm PLCζ display aberrant enzyme activity and a total failure to activate unfertilized oocytes. Subsequent microinjection of recombinant human PLCζ protein reliably triggers the characteristic pattern of cytoplasmic Ca(2+) oscillations at fertilization, which are required for normal oocyte activation and successful embryo development to the blastocyst stage.

CONCLUSION(S):

Dysfunctional sperm PLCζ cannot trigger oocyte activation and results in male factor infertility, so a potential therapeutic approach is oocyte microinjection of active, wild-type PLCζ protein. We have demonstrated that recombinant human PLCζ can phenotypically rescue failed activation in oocytes that express dysfunctional PLCζ, and that this intervention culminates in efficient blastocyst formation.

PMID:
22999959
PMCID:
PMC3540263
DOI:
10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.08.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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