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Virology. 2012 Nov 25;433(2):479-88. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2012.08.039. Epub 2012 Sep 19.

Requirements for human Dicer and TRBP in microRNA-122 regulation of HCV translation and RNA abundance.

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1
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 5E5.

Abstract

MicroRNA-122 (miR-122) promotes Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) RNA stability, accumulation, and translation through hybridization with the 5' untranslated region (5' UTR) of the HCV genome. Depletion of Dicer and TRBP, proteins involved in miRNA biogenesis, reduced HCV RNA accumulation, mature duplex miR-122 abundance, and miR-122 directed mRNA translation suppression, suggesting roles in miR-122 processing. HCV RNA accumulation independent of endogenous mature duplex miR-122 was not affected by Dicer knockdown, suggesting that Dicer is required solely for miR-122 biogenesis, but TRBP knockdown reduced HCV RNA accumulation in this system, suggesting an additional role in supporting HCV RNA accumulation. Mature duplex miR-122 and pre-miR-122 hairpin, but not single-stranded miR-122 (guide or * strand), augmented HCV RNA accumulation and translation, and Dicer and TRBP were essential for the activity of pre-miR-122 in mouse fibroblasts. Thus, canonical miRNA processing and strand selection is essential for the activity of miR-122 on HCV translation and RNA accumulation.

PMID:
22999255
DOI:
10.1016/j.virol.2012.08.039
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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