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Ophthalmic Genet. 2013 Mar-Jun;34(1-2):32-4. doi: 10.3109/13816810.2012.726396. Epub 2012 Sep 24.

Confirmation of the association between the TCF4 risk allele and Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy in patients from the Midwestern United States.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the role of the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (rs613872) in the TCF4 gene in Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) in patients from Iowa.

METHODS:

A cohort of 82 patients with FECD and 163 normal control subjects from Iowa were genotyped at the SNP rs613872 using a real-time allelic discrimination assay.

RESULTS:

The frequencies of the alleles of rs613872 were compared between FECD patients and control subjects. A highly significant association (p-value = 2.96 × 10(-10)) was detected between this SNP and FECD. Comparison of the genotypes of SNP rs613872 between FECD patients and control subjects produced a p-value of 2.43 × 10(-10).

CONCLUSION:

Prior reports have shown that SNP rs613872 in the TCF4 gene is highly associated with FECD. Our study confirms this association and shows that the TCF4 gene has an important role in the pathogenesis of corneal disease in patients from Iowa.

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