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Biomacromolecules. 2012 Nov 12;13(11):3552-61. doi: 10.1021/bm300966d. Epub 2012 Oct 9.

Biodegradable hyperbranched polyglycerol with ester linkages for drug delivery.

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Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Ninth People's Hospital, School of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 639 Zhizaoju Road, Shanghai 200011, People's Republic of China.


Biodegradable hyperbranched polyglycerols (dHPGs) were synthesized through oxyanionic initiating hybrid polymerization of glycerol and glycidyl methacrylate. Due to the introduction of ester linkages into the hyperbranched polyglycerol backbone, dHPGs showed good biodegradability and low cytotoxicity. Benefiting from the existence of terminal hydroxyls and methacryloyl groups, both the anticancer drug methotrexate (MTX) and fluorescent probe Rhodamine-123 could be conjugated onto the surface of dHPGs easily. The resultant MTX-conjugated polymers (dHPG-MTXs) exhibited an amphiphilic character, resulting in the formation of micelles in an aqueous solution. The release of MTX from micelles was significantly faster at mildly acidic pH of 5.0 compared to physiological pH of 7.4. dHPG-MTX micelles could be efficiently internalized by cancer cells. MTT assay against cancer cells showed dHPG-MTXs micelles had high anticancer efficacy. On the basis of their good biodegradability and low cytotoxicity, dHPGs provide an opportunity to design excellent drug delivery systems.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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