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AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2012 Oct;199(4):721-9.

Balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration of gastric varices.

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Department of Radiology, Division of Interventional Radiology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L. Levy Pl, New York, NY 10029, USA.



The purpose of this review is to describe the clinical factors related to balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration, including the preparation needed, the technique and challenges, and the outcomes.


Although the procedure can be performed when transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt is contraindicated or when endoscopic management fails, balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration is successful as a first-line or second-line therapy. Gastric variceal rebleeding rates are low and serious complications are rare. Randomized controlled trials are required to evaluate the superiority of this procedure over other methods of treating gastric varices and to determine which sclerosant should be used. In the near future, this procedure may play a larger role in emergency care and in the management of nongastric varices.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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