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J Med Chem. 1990 Feb;33(2):673-7.

Synthesis and antifolate properties of 10-alkyl-5,10-dideaza analogues of methotrexate and tetrahydrofolic acid.

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Bio-Organic Chemistry Laboratory, SRI International, Menlo Park, California 94025.


Synthesis of the 10-methyl and 10-ethyl analogues of 5,10-dideazatetrahydrofolic acid (DDTHF), a potent inhibitor of glycinamide ribotide (GAR) formyltransferase, is reported. Key intermediates in the process were 10-methyl- and 10-ethyl-4-amino-4-deoxy-5,10-dideazapteroic acid. Condensation of the piperidine enamines of branched 4-(p-carbomethoxyphenyl)butyraldehydes with (acetoxymethylene)malononitrile afforded 1,1-dicyano-4-piperidinobutadiene 5a,b. Subsequent reaction with alcoholic ammonium hydroxide yielded the appropriately substituted 2-amino-3-cyanopyridines 6a,b. Ring closure with guanidine gave 10-methyl- and 10-ethyl-4-amino-4-deoxy-5,10-dideazapteroic acids (7a,b). Coupling with diethyl glutamate followed by ester hydrolysis afforded 10-alkyl-5,10-dideazaminopterin analogues 9a,b. Hydrolysis of the 4-amino group of 7a,b yielded the 10-alkylpteroic acids, which were coupled with diethyl glutamate, hydrogenated over PtO2, and saponified to afford 10-alkyl-5,10-dideazatetrahydrofolic acids 13a,b. Aminopterin analogues 9a,b were effective inhibitors of DHFR derived from L1210, but were less potent than methotrexate for inhibition of growth of L1210 in culture. The 10-ethyl (13b) analogue of 5,10-DDTHF was about twice as potent an inhibitor of L1210 cell growth as 5,10-DDTHF, but was only 1/7 as potent for inhibition of GAR formyltransferase. 10-Methyl analogue 13a was similar in potency to 5,10-DDTHF. All of the compounds showed moderately improved transport into L1210 cells relative to methotrexate.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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