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Clin Nucl Med. 2012 Nov;37(11):1069-74. doi: 10.1097/RLU.0b013e318266d4a5.

Combination of initial stimulation thyroglobulins and staging system by revised ATA guidelines can elaborately discriminate prognosis of patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma after high-dose remnant ablation.

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Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.



The aim of this study was to evaluate prognostic role of thyroglobulin (Tg) levels at the time of ablation (A-Tg) and stimulation Tg levels at 6-12 months after remnant ablation (S-Tg) combined with revised American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines risk stratification.


Data of 359 patients (median follow-up duration: 66.3 months) with papillary thyroid carcinoma who had high-dose remnant ablation were analyzed. The cutoff value of A-Tg to predict the persistent/recurrent disease was calculated by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. In each risk group by ATA guidelines, the association of A-Tg with persistent/recurrent disease was evaluated. The role of A-Tg and ATA risk stratification in each S-Tg group (group with S-Tg <2 ng/mL, 2-10 ng/mL, or >10 ng/mL) was also evaluated. Tg response was determined by the difference between A-Tg and S-Tg with consideration of the dose of radioactive iodine ablation.


A-Tg above 5.22 ng/mL was associated with persistent/recurrent disease in all risk groups by ATA guidelines. A-Tg above the cutoff value and ATA risk assessment was related to persistent/recurrent disease in patients with S-Tg 2 to 10 ng/mL (P = 0.003) and S-Tg above 10 ng/mL (P = 0.019). However, no difference in the incidence of persistent/recurrent disease was found according to Tg response. The scoring system made up of A-Tg, S-Tg, and ATA staging showed elaborate discrimination of prognosis.


Risk stratification using combined scoring with initial stimulated Tg levels, including A-Tg and S-Tg, and staging system by revised ATA guidelines can effectively predict persistent/recurrent disease in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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