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Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2013 Mar;270(4):1473-9. doi: 10.1007/s00405-012-2187-0. Epub 2012 Sep 21.

The temporo-parietal fascial flap in extended transnasal endoscopic procedures: cadaver dissection and personal clinical experience.

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Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Brescia, Piazza, Spedali Civili 1, 25100 Brescia, Italy.


Due to progressively expanded indications of endoscopic transnasal surgery, having different reconstructive options in the armamentarium becomes of paramount importance. We herein report our experience with the use of the temporo-parietal fascial flap after extended endoscopic procedures for malignancies of the clival and nasopharyngeal regions. We focus our report on the surgical anatomy of this flap and the technique for its intranasal transposition through an infratemporal corridor. The main steps of the procedure and anatomic landmarks were highlighted, thanks to previous cadaver dissection. Five patients underwent an extended endoscopic resection for malignant tumors: one with persistent clival chordoma, three with recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinomas, and 1 recurrent nasopharyngeal adenoid cystic carcinoma. In all patients a temporo-parietal fascial flap was harvested to protect critical structures or irradiated denuded bone. The Mean harvesting and hospitalization time were 120 min and 5 days, respectively. No major or minor complications were observed. Whenever local flaps are not available for oncologic reasons or previous surgery, the temporo-parietal fascial flap is a safe and relatively easy option to protect the residual skull base and critical structures such as the internal carotid artery and dura of the posterior cranial fossa, after extended endoscopic resections.

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