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Virology. 2012 Nov 25;433(2):401-9. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2012.08.023. Epub 2012 Sep 17.

Maturation of the Gag core decreases the stability of retroviral lipid membranes.

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1
Integral Molecular, Inc., Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States.

Abstract

To better understand how detergents disrupt enveloped viruses, we monitored the biophysical stability of murine leukemia virus (MLV) virus-like particles (VLPs) against a panel of commonly used detergents using real-time biosensor measurements. Although exposure to many detergents, such as Triton X-100 and Empigen, results in lysis of VLP membranes, VLPs appeared resistant to complete membrane lysis by a significant number of detergents, including Tween 20, Tween 80, Lubrol, and Saponin. VLPs maintained their structural integrity after exposure to Tween 20 at concentrations up to 500-fold above its CMC. Remarkably, VLPs containing immature cores composed of unprocessed (uncleaved) Gag polyprotein were significantly more resistant to detergent lysis than VLPs with mature cores. Although the maturity of retroviral Gag is known to influence the stability of the protein core structure itself, our studies suggest that the maturity of the Gag core also influences the stability of the lipid bilayer surrounding the core.

PMID:
22995186
PMCID:
PMC3848701
DOI:
10.1016/j.virol.2012.08.023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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