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Acad Emerg Med. 2012 Oct;19(10):1196-203. doi: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2012.01447.x. Epub 2012 Sep 20.

Global emergency medicine: a review of the literature from 2011.

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1
Department of Emergency Medicine, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA. erika.d.schroeder@gmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The Global Emergency Medicine Literature Review (GEMLR) conducts an annual search of published and unpublished articles relevant to global emergency medicine (EM) to identify, review, and disseminate the most important research in this field to a wide audience of academics and practitioners.

METHODS:

This year, 7,924 articles written in seven languages were identified by our search. These articles were divided up among 20 reviewers for initial screening based on their relevance to the field of global EM. An additional two reviewers searched the grey literature. A total of 206 articles were deemed appropriate by at least one reviewer and approved by their editor for formal scoring of their overall quality and importance.

RESULTS:

Of the 206 articles that met our predetermined inclusion criteria, 24 articles received scores of 17 or higher and were selected for formal summary and critique. Interrater reliability for our scoring system was good with an interclass correlation coefficient of 0.628 (95% confidence interval = 0.51 to 0.72).

CONCLUSIONS:

Compared to previous reviews, there was a significant increase in the number of articles that were devoted to emergency care in resource-limited settings, with fewer articles related to disaster and humanitarian response. The majority of articles that met our selection criteria were reviews that examined the efficacy of particular treatment regimens for diseases that are primarily seen in low- and middle-income countries.

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