Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nat Immunol. 2012 Oct;13(10):902-6. doi: 10.1038/ni.2404.

Maintaining system homeostasis: the third law of Newtonian immunology.

Author information

1
Lymphocyte Biology Section, Laboratory of Systems Biology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. rgermain@nih.gov

Abstract

Because of the potent effector mechanisms of the immune system, the potential for self-destructive immune responses is especially high and many negative regulatory modalities exist to prevent excessive tissue damage. This Commentary places such regulatory mechanisms in the larger context of system organization on many scales. The sometimes counterintuitive nature of feedback control is discussed and a case is made for greater attention to quantitative spatiotemporal aspects of regulation, rather than limiting the discussion to the qualitative descriptions of pathways that dominate at present.

PMID:
22990887
PMCID:
PMC3518435
DOI:
10.1038/ni.2404
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center