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Biochemistry. 2012 Oct 9;51(40):7930-9. doi: 10.1021/bi300720g. Epub 2012 Sep 27.

The helix located between the two domains of a mip-like peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase is crucial for its structure, stability, and protein folding ability.

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Department of Biochemistry, Bose Institute , P-1/12, CIT Scheme VII M, Kolkata 700054, West Bengal, India.


FKBP22, a PPIase (peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase) produced by Escherichia coli, binds FK506 and rapamycin (both immunosuppressive drugs), shares significant homology with the Mip-like virulence factors, and has been thought to carry a long α-helix (namely α3) between its two domains. To understand whether the length of helix α3 plays any role in the structure, function, and stability of FKBP22-like proteins, we studied a recombinant E. coli FKBP22 (rFKBP22) and its four helix α3 mutant variants by various in vitro probes. Of the helix α3 mutants, two were deletion mutants (rFKBP22D5 and rFKBP22D30), whereas the two others were insertion mutants (rFKBP22I3 and rFKBP22I6). Our investigations revealed that the molecular dimensions, dimerization efficiencies, secondary structures, tertiary structures, stabilities, and protein folding abilities of all mutant proteins are different from those of rFKBP22. Conversely, the rapamycin binding affinities of the mutant proteins were affected very little. Urea-induced unfolding of each protein followed a two-state mechanism and was reversible in nature. Interestingly, rFKBP22D30 was the least stable, whereas rFKBP22I3 appeared to be the most stable of the five proteins. The data together suggest that length of helix α3 contributes significantly to the preservation of the structure, function, and stability of E. coli FKBP22.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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