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Neuropathology. 2013 Jun;33(3):237-45. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1789.2012.01346.x. Epub 2012 Sep 19.

Localization of CHMP2B-immunoreactivity in the brainstem of Lewy body disease.

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Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Therapeutics, Hiroshima University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima, Japan.


Alpha-synuclein (αS) is one of the major constituents of Lewy bodies (LBs). Several lines of evidence suggest that the autophagy-lysosome pathway (ALP) is involved in the removal of αS. We have previously reported that granulovacuolar degeneration (GVD) in neurons involved a subunit of the endosomal sorting complexes required for transport (ESCRT). In this study, we examined the association between alpha-synucleinopathy and autophagy through immunohistochemical analysis of charged multivesicular body protein 2B (CHMP2B), a component of the ESCRT-pathway. We examined the brainstems of 17 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), incidental Lewy body disease (ILBD), multiple system atrophy (MSA), and Alzheimer's disease (AD) immunohistochemically using antibodies against phosphorylated αS (pαS), phosphorylated tau and CHMP2B. LBs and a proportion of glial cytoplasmic inclusions (GCIs) were immunopositive for pαS and CHMP2B. Neurons containing CHMP2B-immunoreactive granules were detected in PD and ILBD, but not in MSA and AD brains. CHMP2B immunoreactivity was increased in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus nerve (DMNX) in PD and ILBD brains, relative to that in MSA and AD. These findings indicate that the ESCRT-pathway is implicated in the formation of αS inclusions, especially in PD and ILBD.

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