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J Toxicol Pathol. 2012 Sep;25(3):225-8. doi: 10.1293/tox.25.225. Epub 2012 Oct 1.

Enhancement of Drug Resistance by Lysophosphatidic Acid Receptor-3 in Mouse Mammary Tumor FM3A Cells.

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Division of Cancer Biology and Bioinformatics, Department of Life Science, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Kinki University, 3-4-1 Kowakae, Higashiosaka, Osaka 577-8502, Japan.


Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) acts as a simple phospholipid that interacts with G protein-coupled transmembrane LPA receptors. Recently, it has been reported that each LPA receptor plays different biological roles in acquisition of the malignant property of tumor cells. In this study, to assess the involvement of LPA receptor-3 (LPA(3)) in cell survival after treatment with anticancer drugs, we generated Lpar3-expressing FM3A-a3A9 cells from mouse mammary tumor FM3A cells and examined the cell survival rate after treatment with anticancer drugs compared with Lpar3-unexpressing cells. Cells were treated with 0.005 to 10 μM of cisplatin (CDDP) or doxorubicin (DOX) for 3 days. For the CDDP and DOX treatments, the cell survival rate of FM3A-a3A9 cells was significantly higher than that of Lpar3-unexpressing cells. The expression level of the Mdr1a gene in FM3A-a3A9 cells was higher than that of Lpar3-unexpressing cells, whereas no significant difference in multidrug resistance 1b (Mdr1b) and glutathione S-transferase mu1 (Gstm1) expressions was found. These results suggest that LPA(3) may enhance the cell survival rate after treatment with anticancer drugs in mouse mammary tumor cells, correlating with increased expression of the Mdr1 gene.


FM3A; LPA; LPA receptor-3; drug resistance; mammary; mouse

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