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J Cell Biochem. 1990 Jan;42(1):1-12.

Drug-induced alterations of tumor necrosis factor-mediated cytotoxicity: discrimination of early versus late stage action.

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1
Division of Cell Biology, Wellcome Research Laboratories, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709.

Abstract

The killing of L-M cells by murine tumor necrosis factor (mTNF) was investigated by a combination of drug, antiserum neutralization, and kinetic studies. Kinetic studies with 125I-mTNF showed that the bulk of association of ligand with L-M cells peaked within 2 hr and the ligand was not degraded. Cell surface receptors were depleted (down regulated) by 6 hr when death commenced. The off-rates of acid-dissociable (surface bound) and acid-indissociable (internalized) compartments were found to be 9 min and 35 hr, respectively. Nevertheless, complete cell killing required the persistent presence of mTNF for up to 20 hr. This requirement was ablated by the concomitant addition of cycloheximide. Antiserum completely inhibited cytotoxicity when it was applied up to 4 hr after mTNF, but antiserum added 1 hr after mTNF was not neutralizing in the presence of cycloheximide. Thus, the inclusion of cycloheximide temporally dissociated early events (internalization and signal transduction) from lysis. Other drugs with and without cycloheximide were found to preferentially affect either early or later aspects of cell death. Phorbol myristate acetate and the ionophore A23187 were potent inhibitors of cytotoxicity, and staurosporine was a potent enhancer. These agents were more effective when added 1 hr before mTNF and cycloheximide than when added 1 hr after and likely affected early events in the cytolytic program. In contrast, chloroquine and cAMP likely affect more terminal aspects of cytotoxicity. Dibutyrylcyclic AMP, cholera, and pertussis toxins enhanced cytotoxicity. They were equipotent when added either before or after mTNF regardless of the presence of cycloheximide. Likewise, chloroquine was an equipotent inhibitor when added either before or after mTNF regardless of the presence of cycloheximide. Agents that primarily affect association events may be more likely to impinge on other TNF-mediated activities than agents that primarily affect lysis.

PMID:
2298825
DOI:
10.1002/jcb.240420102
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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