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J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1990 Jan;72(1):63-7.

Salvage total hip reconstruction in patients with major acetabular bone deficiency using structural femoral head allografts.

Author information

1
Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston 02114.

Abstract

We evaluated 38 hip reconstructions in 36 patients at a mean follow-up of 5.9 years (range 4 to 9.1) after femoral head allografts had been used to augment severely deficient acetabular bone stock. The patients were all relatively young and had many previous operations. Their pre-operative Harris hip rating averaged 46 points (range 18 to 73). All the allografts united and there were no infections. However, 12 acetabular components (32%) became loose; six of these had needed revision using the healed allograft, and two hips had required resection arthroplasty. The 30 surviving hips had a mean Harris hip score of 82 points. Some radiographic evidence of graft resorption was seen in 23 hips, though this was mild in 17. The extent of cover provided by the allograft and the severity of graft resorption both correlated with acetabular loosening. Although structural allografts had allowed successful hip reconstructions in many of these patients with major bone loss, the failure rate had increased from zero at four years to 32% at six years; clearly they provide only a short-term solution.

PMID:
2298796
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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