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Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2012 Oct;114(4):526-32. doi: 10.1016/j.oooo.2012.05.008.

Do carotid atheromas on panoramic images prognosticate arterial calcifications on mammograms: acknowledged markers of future adverse cardiovascular events?

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1
Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA. arthur.friedlander@va.gov

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between calcified carotid artery plaque (CCAP) on panoramic images and breast arterial calcifications (BAC) on mammograms, a validated independent risk indicator of fatal myocardial infarctions and strokes.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Women ≥55 years old having CCAP diagnosed by their dentists had their mammograms evaluated for BAC by a physician. Other study variables were age, ethnicity, body mass index, and medications for hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia. Descriptive and bivariate statistics and logistic regression were computed.

RESULTS:

Researchers identified 40 women (mean age 62.2 ± 6.2 years old) with CCAP, of whom 9 (prevalence rate 22.5%) also had BAC. The women with BAC tended to be older (65.1 vs 61.3 years old), more frequently hypertensive (100% vs 80.6%), and more frequently black than those without BAC, although these differences were not statistically significant (P > 0.10).

CONCLUSIONS:

CCAP on panoramic images of women is unrelated to the presence of BAC on mammograms.

PMID:
22986249
DOI:
10.1016/j.oooo.2012.05.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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