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Clin Immunol. 2012 Nov;145(2):102-7. doi: 10.1016/j.clim.2012.07.016. Epub 2012 Aug 7.

Hepatic veno-occlusive disease with immunodeficiency (VODI): first reported case in the U.S. and identification of a unique mutation in Sp110.

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Division of General Pediatrics, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine, University Southern California, 4650 West Sunset Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA.


Familial hepatic veno-occlusive disease with immunodeficiency (VODI, OMIM: 235550), a rare form of severe combined immune deficiency, was first described in Australian Lebanese patients as being associated with homozygous mutations in SP110, a gene encoding a PML nuclear body-associated protein. We present the first case of confirmed VODI in the United States, and identify the first novel missense mutation in SP110. The 3-year-old daughter of Hispanic parents without known consanguinity presented at age 5 months with fever, hepatomegaly, and pancytopenia. Her brother died at age 3 months from hepatic failure of undetermined etiology. Initial T- and B-cell counts were low, but eventually normalized. Serum IgG and IgM levels were low for age. Lymphoproliferation to mitogens and allogenic B-cells was normal, but absent to tetanus and candida antigens. Serum antibody levels against pneumococcal, Hib and tetanus antigens were low. Liver biopsies at ages 5 and 9 months were consistent with hepatic veno-occlusive disease or hVOD (also known as sinusoidal obstruction syndrome or SOS) and broncho-alveolar lavage detected Pneumocystis jiroveci. The patient recovered from her acute disease and has been clinically stable on immunoglobulin replacement therapy and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole prophylaxis. T-Cell receptor excision circle (TREC) analysis suggests that VODI will not be detected by newborn screening for severe combined immunodeficiency that relies on this assay. DNA was obtained from the patient, 4 siblings, and both parents, and SP110 was sequenced. The first missense mutation, a homozygous deletion/insertion variation in exon 2 (NM_080424.2 (SP110):c.78_79delinsAT) was detected in the patient. This novel mutation segregated in the heterozygous state in other living unaffected family members. The mechanism by which this SP110 mutation associates with VODI is consistent with the normal length mutated SP110 protein being subject to enhanced proteosome degradation resulting in marked reductions in SP110 protein.

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