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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2013 Jan;1829(1):116-26. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagrm.2012.08.011. Epub 2012 Sep 6.

The many roles of the conserved eukaryotic Paf1 complex in regulating transcription, histone modifications, and disease states.

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Department of Biological Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA.


The Paf1 complex was originally identified over fifteen years ago in budding yeast through its physical association with RNA polymerase II. The Paf1 complex is now known to be conserved throughout eukaryotes and is well studied for promoting RNA polymerase II transcription elongation and transcription-coupled histone modifications. Through these critical regulatory functions, the Paf1 complex participates in numerous cellular processes such as gene expression and silencing, RNA maturation, DNA repair, cell cycle progression and prevention of disease states in higher eukaryotes. In this review, we describe the historic and current research involving the eukaryotic Paf1 complex to explain the cellular roles that underlie its conservation and functional importance. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: RNA polymerase II Transcript Elongation.

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