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Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2012 Dec;44(12):2194-203. doi: 10.1016/j.biocel.2012.08.018. Epub 2012 Sep 7.

Native type IV collagen induces an epithelial to mesenchymal transition-like process in mammary epithelial cells MCF10A.

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1
Departamento de Biología Celular, Cinvestav-IPN, Av IPN # 2508, San Pedro Zacatenco, Mexico, DF 07360, Mexico.

Abstract

Basement membrane (BM) is a complex network of interacting proteins, including type IV collagen (Col IV) that acts as a scaffold that stabilizes the physical structures of tissues and regulates cellular processes. In the mammary gland, BM is a continuous deposit that separates epithelial cells from stroma, and its degradation is related with an increased potential for invasion and metastasis. Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process by which epithelial cells are transdifferentiated to one mesenchymal state, and is a normal process during embryonic development, tissue remodeling and wound healing, as well as it has been implicated during cancer progression. In breast cancer cells, native Col IV induces migration and gelatinases secretion. However, the role of native Col IV on the EMT process in human mammary epithelial cells remains to be investigated. In the present study, we demonstrate that native Col IV induces down-regulation of E-cadherin expression, accompanied with an increase of Snail1, Snail2 and Sip1 transcripts. Native Col IV also induces an increase in N-cadherin and vimentin expression, an increase of MMP-2 secretion, the activation of FAK and NFκB, cell migration and invasion in MCF10A cells. In summary, these findings demonstrate, for the first time, that native Col IV induces an EMT-like process in MCF10A human mammary non-tumorigenic epithelial cells.

PMID:
22981734
DOI:
10.1016/j.biocel.2012.08.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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