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J Subst Abuse Treat. 2012 Dec;43(4):446-50. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2012.08.010. Epub 2012 Sep 11.

Prescription opioid abuse, chronic pain, and primary care: a Co-occurring Disorders Clinic in the chronic disease model.

Author information

1
Raymond G. Murphy New Mexico Veterans' Affairs Health Care System, Albuquerque, NM 87108, USA. patricia.pade@va.gov

Abstract

Abuse of opioids has become a public health crisis. The historic separation between the addiction and pain communities and a lack of training in medical education have made treatment difficult to provide, especially in primary care. The Co-occurring Disorders Clinic (COD) was established to treat patients with co-morbid chronic pain and addiction. This retrospective chart review reports results of a quality improvement project using buprenorphine/naloxone to treat co-occurring chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) and opioid dependence in a primary care setting. Data were collected for 143 patients who were induced with buprenorphine/naloxone (BUP/NLX) between June 2009 and November 2011. Ninety-three patients (65%) continued to be maintained on the medication and seven completed treatment and were no longer taking any opioid (5%). Pain scores showed a modest, but statistically significant improvement on BUP/NLX, which was contrary to our expectations and may be an important factor in treatment retention for this challenging population.

PMID:
22980449
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsat.2012.08.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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