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BMC Public Health. 2012 Sep 15;12:790. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-790.

Quality of life predicts survival in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

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  • 1Graduate Institute of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have a poor prognosis. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship of EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-LC13 and survival in patients with NSCLC undergoing different treatments.

METHODS:

Investigators conducted a health-related quality of life (HRQOL) survey of 488 patients with NSCLC: 162 patients undergoing surgery, 312 patients without surgery, and their survival status was prospectively followed up. EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-LC13 scores and clinical variables at baseline were analyzed using Cox's proportional hazard regression to identify factors that influenced survival.

RESULTS:

Median survival of these 474 patients was 9.82 months. After adjustment, emotional functioning scale, and symptom scales of pain and nausea/vomiting are associated with survival in NSCLC patients with surgery whereas social functioning scale, and symptom scales for fatigue, appetite loss, and financial problems had a significant impact on survival in NSCLC patients without surgery. The results of multivariate analysis showed that none of QLQ-LC13 scales are significant predictors of survival. After simultaneously considering these scales, we found significant independent predictors of survival were nausea/vomiting (HR = 0.11, 95% CI = 0.02-0.63 for score >0 compared with =0) in NSCLC patients with surgery and appetite loss (HR = 1.77, 95% CI = 1.26-2.49 for score >0 compared with =0) in NSCLC patients without surgery.

CONCLUSIONS:

HRQOL provides additional predictive information that supplements traditional clinical factors, and is a new prognostic indicator for survival of NSCLC patients under different treatments.

PMID:
22978682
PMCID:
PMC3573998
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2458-12-790
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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