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J Asthma. 2012 Oct;49(8):862-7. doi: 10.3109/02770903.2012.717656.

Corticosteroid timing and length of stay for children with asthma in the Emergency Department.

Author information

1
University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030, USA. stdavis@student.uchc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between time of corticosteroid administration to children with asthma exacerbations in the Emergency Department (ED) and length of stay (LOS). We hypothesized administration within 60 minutes would be associated with a 10- minute or greater decrease in mean LOS.

METHODS:

A retrospective chart review of 882 patients was conducted. Children between the ages of 2 and 18 years presented to the Connecticut Children's Medical Center's (CCMC's) ED with an acute asthma exacerbation were included. Children were excluded if they did not receive oral corticosteroids in the ED, had significant co-morbidities, were currently taking corticosteroids, or had taken them within the past 7 days. Children receiving corticosteroids within 60 minutes of triage were compared with children receiving corticosteroids for 61 minutes or later. The primary outcome was mean LOS.

RESULTS:

Children treated with corticosteroids within 60 and 61 minutes or later had similar age, gender, insurance, and disposition. Children treated with corticosteroids within 60 minutes had a 25-minute decrease in LOS compared with children treated for 61-minute or later (95% CI: 15-35), p < .0001.

CONCLUSIONS:

Administering corticosteroids to pediatric asthma patients in the ED within an hour of triage is associated with a 25-minute mean decrease in LOS. With large numbers of asthma visits, a 25-minute decrease in LOS for each child could have a significant impact on patient throughput in the ED.

PMID:
22978310
DOI:
10.3109/02770903.2012.717656
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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