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Aging Cell. 2012 Dec;11(6):1046-54. doi: 10.1111/acel.12006. Epub 2012 Oct 19.

Prolonging the female reproductive lifespan and improving egg quality with dietary omega-3 fatty acids.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery and the Vascular Biology Program, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Abstract

Women approaching advanced maternal age have extremely poor outcomes with both natural and assisted fertility. Moreover, the incidence of chromosomal abnormalities and birth defects increases with age. As of yet, there is no effective and practical strategy for delaying ovarian aging or improving oocyte quality. We demonstrate that the lifelong consumption of a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids prolongs murine reproductive function into advanced maternal age, while a diet rich in omega-6 fatty acids is associated with very poor reproductive success at advanced maternal age. Furthermore, even short-term dietary treatment with a diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids initiated at the time of the normal age-related rapid decline in murine reproductive function is associated with improved oocyte quality, while short-term dietary treatment with omega-6 fatty acids results in very poor oocyte quality. Thus, omega-3 fatty acids may provide an effective and practical avenue for delaying ovarian aging and improving oocyte quality at advanced maternal age.

PMID:
22978268
PMCID:
PMC5624332
DOI:
10.1111/acel.12006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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