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Violence Vict. 2012;27(4):487-99.

Military sexual trauma during deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan: prevalence, readjustment, and gender differences.

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  • 1Women's Mental Health Center, Veterans Affairs Long Beach Healthcare System, Long Beach, California 90822, USA.


This study examines military sexual trauma (MST) in men and women deployed in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. A diverse sample of 470 (408 men and 62 women) completed anonymous self-report questionnaires. Seventy-seven reported MST: 51 (12.5%) men and 26 (42%) women. MST was significantly related to symptoms and readjustment and most strongly with intimacy problems. Of those with MST, 73% also reported exposure to war-related stressors. Gender differences revealed that women reported a higher prevalence of MST, but men were more likely to endorse MST with multiple war-related stressors. However, no gender differences were found on reports of symptoms, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or readjustment. Implications of these results are discussed.

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