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J Craniofac Surg. 2012 Sep;23(5):1355-7. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0b013e31824e63db.

Rhinoplasty in the Black Sea Region.

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Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Gaziosmanpasa University, Faculty of Medicine, Tokat, Turkey.


We have retrospectively evaluated the charts of 120 patients who had undergone rhinoplasties. The noses were divided into 2 types. Type 1 (42 cases) was characterized by a normal radix, high dorsum, and prominent vault. These noses were corrected by dorsal reduction, lateral osteotomy when needed, and caudal septal resection. Type 2 (78 cases) was characterized by a dependent tip with inadequate projection and a low radix with an excessive projected dorsal hump. These noses were corrected by tip support with cartilage graft and/or various suturing techniques and dorsal reduction. Secondary revision was necessary in 26 patients (21.6% of the total number) mostly due to inadequate septal correction in the first operation and irregularities of the dorsum. The postoperative result was considered as good in 88 (81%), fair in 27 (15%), and poor in 5 (4%) by the patients. Although the cases presented in this series were mostly difficult ones, experience was found to be the major determinant in success while dealing with the challenging noses of the Black Sea Region.

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